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AI (Artificial Intelligence)

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Practical AI Practical AI #87

Reinforcement learning for chip design

Daniel and Chris have a fascinating discussion with Anna Goldie and Azalia Mirhoseini from Google Brain about the use of reinforcement learning for chip floor planning - or placement - in which many new designs are generated, and then evaluated, to find an optimal component layout. Anna and Azalia also describe the use of graph convolutional neural networks in their approach.

Practical AI Practical AI #86

Exploring the COVID-19 Open Research Dataset

In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, Daniel and Chris have a timely conversation with Lucy Lu Wang of the Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence about COVID-19 Open Research Dataset (CORD-19). She relates how CORD-19 was created and organized, and how researchers around the world are currently using the data to answer important COVID-19 questions that will help the world through this ongoing crisis.

Python github.com

A modular toolbox for accelerating meta-learning research

Meta-Blocks is a modular toolbox for research, experimentation, and reproducible benchmarking of learning-to-learn algorithms. The toolbox provides flexible APIs for working with MetaDatasets, TaskDistributions, and MetaLearners (see the figure below). The APIs make it easy to implement a variety of meta-learning algorithms, run them on well-established and emerging benchmarks, and add your own meta-learning problems to the suite and benchmark algorithms on them.

This repo is still under “heavy construction” (a.k.a. unstable) so downloader beware, but it’s worth a star/bookmark for later use.

A modular toolbox for accelerating meta-learning research

Practical AI Practical AI #85

Achieving provably beneficial, human-compatible AI

AI legend Stuart Russell, the Berkeley professor who leads the Center for Human-Compatible AI, joins Chris to share his insights into the future of artificial intelligence. Stuart is the author of Human Compatible, and the upcoming 4th edition of his perennial classic Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, which is widely regarded as the standard text on AI. After exposing the shortcomings inherent in deep learning, Stuart goes on to propose a new practitioner approach to creating AI that avoids harmful unintended consequences, and offers a path forward towards a future in which humans can safely rely of provably beneficial AI.

Practical AI Practical AI #84

COVID-19 Q&A and CORD-19

So many AI developers are coming up with creative, useful COVID-19 applications during this time of crisis. Among those are Timo from Deepset-AI and Tony from Intel. They are working on a question answering system for pandemic-related questions called COVID-QA. In this episode, they describe the system, related annotation of the CORD-19 data set, and ways that you can contribute!

Practical AI Practical AI #83

Mapping the intersection of AI and GIS

Daniel Wilson and Rob Fletcher of ESRI hang with Chris and Daniel to chat about how AI powered modern geographic information systems (GIS) and location intelligence. They illuminate the various models used for GIS, spatial analysis, remote sensing, real-time visualization, and 3D analytics. You don’t want to miss the part about their work for the DoD’s Joint AI Center in humanitarian assistance / disaster relief.

Thomas Smith Medium

Clearview AI has a profile on me and 'it freaked me out'

Have you ever posted an image on the public internet and thought, “What if someone used this for something?” Thomas Smith did and what he discovered about Clearview AI is disturbing…

Someone really has been monitoring nearly everything you post to the public internet. And they genuinely are doing “something” with it.

The someone is Clearview AI. And the something is this: building a detailed profile about you from the photos you post online, making it searchable using only your face, and then selling it to government agencies and police departments who use it to help track you, identify your face in a crowd, and investigate you — even if you’ve been accused of no crime.

I realize that this sounds like a bunch of conspiracy theory baloney. But it’s not. Clearview AI’s tech is very real, and it’s already in use.

How do I know? Because Clearview has a profile on me. And today I got my hands on it.

Practical AI Practical AI

Welcome to Practical AI

Practical AI is a weekly podcast that’s marking artificial intelligence practical, productive, and accessible to everyone. If world of AI affects your daily life, this show is for you.

From the practitioner wanting to keep up with the latest tools & trends…

(clip from episode #68)

To the AI curious trying to understand the concepts at play and their implications on our lives…

(clip from episode #39)

Expert hosts Chris Benson and Daniel Whitenack are here to keep you fully-connected with the world of machine learning and data science.

Please listen to a recent episode that interests you and subscribe today. We’d love to have you as a listener!

Daniel Whitenack datadan.io

Using AI to translate "wash your hands" into 500+ languages

I used multilingual unsupervised methods (MUSE) to train cross-lingual word embeddings for over 500 languages. I then used these embeddings to extract components of the phrase “wash your hands” from existing target language documents. This resulted in translations of “wash your hands” in 510 languages not currently supported in any public translation platform.

Practical AI Practical AI #82

Speech recognition to say it just right

Catherine Breslin of Cobalt joins Daniel and Chris to do a deep dive on speech recognition. She also discusses how the technology is integrated into virtual assistants (like Alexa) and is used in other non-assistant contexts (like transcription and captioning). Along the way, she teaches us how to assemble a lexicon, acoustic model, and language model to bring speech recognition to life.

Facebook Engineering Icon Facebook Engineering

Using AI for music source separation

What exactly is ‘music source separation’?

If you have ever stumbled across those online videos of Freddie Mercury singing what sounds like an a cappella rendition of “Another One Bites the Dust” or a version of Alanis Morissette’s “You Oughta Know” featuring only Flea’s distinctive slapped bass, then you’re already familiar with the concept of music source separation.

Facebook’s research team has figured out a way to do that “with an uncanny level of accuracy”. The technique is called “Demucs” (a portmanteau from “deep extractor for music sources”) and it’s out-performing other methods (spectogram analysis being the primary) by quite a bit. Code here.

Using AI for music source separation

Practical AI Practical AI #81

Building a career in Data Science

Emily Robinson, co-author of the book Build a Career in Data Science, gives us the inside scoop about optimizing the data science job search. From creating one’s resume, cover letter, and portfolio to knowing how to recognize the right job at a fair compensation rate.

Emily’s expert guidance takes us from the beginning of the process to conclusion, including being successful during your early days in that fantastic new data science position.

Practical AI Practical AI #78

NLP for the world's 7000+ languages

Expanding AI technology to the local languages of emerging markets presents huge challenges. Good data is scarce or non-existent. Users often have bandwidth or connectivity issues. Existing platforms target only a small number of high-resource languages.

Our own Daniel Whitenack (data scientist at SIL International) and Dan Jeffries (from Pachyderm) discuss how these and related problems will only be solved when AI technology and resources from industry are combined with linguistic expertise from those on the ground working with local language communities. They have illustrated this approach as they work on pushing voice technology into emerging markets.

Practical AI Practical AI #75

Insights from the AI Index 2019 Annual Report

Daniel and Chris do a deep dive into The AI Index 2019 Annual Report, which provides unbiased rigorously-vetted data that one can use “to develop intuitions about the complex field of AI”. Analyzing everything from R&D and technical advancements to education, the economy, and societal considerations, Chris and Daniel lay out this comprehensive report’s key insights about artificial intelligence.

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